Canoe carver keeps the ancient traditions alive

June 2, 2009

By Christopher Huber

Snoqualmie Tribe Master Carver John Mullen loves his job. There’s a spiritual element to it most people don’t experience on a daily basis, or ever, for that matter. 

His works speak to him.

The Beaver Lake resident hand carves canoes, but the craft goes much deeper than hacking at wood.

Snoqualmie elder Earl Moses, front, and Master Carver John Mullen paddle a dugout canoe around Beaver Lake.  Photo by Christopher Huber

Snoqualmie elder Earl Moses, front, and Master Carver John Mullen paddle a dugout canoe around Beaver Lake. Photo by Christopher Huber


“Regardless of what we work on or even what we do, the water will talk to you, the trees’ll talk to you. It’s just sitting here and listening,” Mullen said about the spiritual aspect of his craft. “I tell them (students), ‘use your imagination, listen.’ It’s not just the native people. Everybody has it. It’s something you can’t teach, it’s just there.” 

Before he and his apprentice carvers begin their work on a canoe at the tribe’s Snoqualmie shop, they gather in a circle around the untouched log and thank it for giving itself to them. The next day, they come to work with ideas they dreamt about and begin forming the canoe.

“You can’t plan it out. There’s no blueprints,” Mullen said. “ It’s all just knowledge passed on.”


Why he does it

For the past seven years, Mullen, a former candy maker for Seattle Gourmet Foods and construction worker, has worked to revive the Snoqualmie Tribe’s nearly dead practice of traditional canoe carving. The initial draw, he said, was the challenge of carving sea-worthy vessels 25-50 feet long.

“I knew the tribe needed it … someone to bring it back to life,” Mullen said.

He, along with help from apprentices and advice from tribal elders, has completed four dug-out river and ocean-going canoes, as well as other, smaller projects. 

“He makes you gain more respect for what you can do,” said master carver apprentice Wayne Graika. “He makes you put pride in your work.”

Mullen’s current project is a 30-foot ocean-going strip canoe, which is set to be unveiled in June, he said. 

“Everybody’s going to drop their jaw when they pull this one out,” said Jacob Mullen, master carver apprentice and John Mullen’s nephew, while working in the shop.

The art of finding the right cedar log — most are up to 870 years old and cost $20,000-$30,000 — digging it out and finessing its every contour to cut efficiently through the water takes time. Each canoe takes roughly six months to complete, John Mullen said. 

It’s partially because they use mostly traditional methods and tools. And it’s all done by hand, minus the initial shaping with a chainsaw.

Mullen uses a range of hand-made tools, many of which the blades are set into antlers or deer-bone handles, to shape the enormous logs. The elbow adze chips away knots and large pieces of wood. The spoon-knife and curve-knife allow Mullen to smooth out areas or carve in nooks and crannies and the antler hammer has many uses, such as knocking in pegs or driving a blade into the wood. 

John Mullen teaches his students to work slowly, when necessary. There are times, he said, when the canoe won’t let you work on it.

“I don’t want to go in there and rush them and ruin a good thing,” he said. 


Caretaker of the traditions

Although he didn’t get into the craft until his late forties, he said carving and teaching come naturally. One of his highest priorities is passing on his knowledge to the youth. He said he finds joy in seeing their sense of accomplishment.

“(It’s) taking ‘em out and sitting in there and seeing the reaction of the young people, because they have successfully done something they’ve never done before,” John Mullen said. “Once it’s done, it’s seeing the smile on everyone’s face. That’s what makes me happy.”

He said the best part of being a master carver is seeing the youth grab a hold of the traditions and skills he teaches, but which the elders passed down. 

“Every day I learn something new about the elders and the young people,” he said. “Talking to the elders, they’re a history, a walking history.”

The physical and mental challenges also make him want to do this for a long time to come.

“(I like) the challenge of it all and to prove not only to myself, but to others that it could actually be done,” John Mullen said. 

As he sat on his porch overlooking Beaver Lake, Mullen told a story of “Ms. Elsie,” a canoe he and his students finished last summer. 

“We started with the chainsaw on the bow and stern … and that was it,” he said. “She (the log) didn’t allow us to go more.” 

When the crew was almost done carving, the real Ms. Elsie, a Snoqualmie elder, visited the project site and praised the guys’ work. She died soon after that and they named the canoe after her. But Mullen said all of his tools remained uncharacteristically sharp and effective for the remainder of the months-long project. 

“She showed up and told us what a wonderful job we were doing,” Mullen said. “When we got done, there was a lot of pride, and her family loved it.” 

Mullen said he’ll probably never retire as he helps carry on a tradition in the Snoqualmie Tribe. 

“I guess it was, I don’t know, in my blood. I never dreamt I would do it,” Mullen said. “I didn’t get into it for the halo or the pat on the back.”


Reporter Christopher Huber can be reached at 392-6434, ext. 242 or

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3 Responses to “Canoe carver keeps the ancient traditions alive”

  1. CANOEING.COM NEWS » Blog Archive » Encounters with a Master Canoe-Carver on June 4th, 2009 7:07 am

    […] Sammamish Review in Washington just published some video (above) and a fascinating story, HERE, about master canoe-carver John […]

  2. Living next to a canoe carver « Christopher Huber Photography on June 6th, 2009 9:39 pm

    […] Tribe master canoe carver. He lives just across the way from us on Beaver Lake. Here’s the story, which we supplemented with video of him paddling on the lake and talking about keeping the […]

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    […] Roy Jacobson, while the Sammamish Review published reporter Christopher Huber’s interview Snoqualmie Tribe Master Carver John Mullen last […]

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